Biggest waste stream: Mineral waste
Looking at the current Waste Balance Sheet of the Federal Statistical Office, the 2018 waste volume of 417 million tonnes is distributed as follows:
Waste streams according to the 2018 Waste Balance Sheet of the Federal Statistical Office
With more than 50%, construction and demolition waste remains by far the largest waste stream. The recycling quota of these mineral materials amounts to 88%, approx. 25 million tonnes were deposited.
Construction and demolition waste is supplemented by other mineral waste from the thermal recycling of municipal waste. In Germany, for example, around 5 million tonnes of ash from municipal solid waste incineration are produced every year, some of which are sent to landfill if no other recycling route, such as earthworks, road construction or landfill construction, is available after processing. In addition, there are other waste streams, e.g. from production and trade.